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Factors influencing people's participation in the exploitation of water resources in agriculture sector of Iran

Agricultural Communications Documentation Center (ACDC)
Dehghani, Yousef (main author), Rasouliazar, Soleiman (author), Rashidpour, Loghman (author)
Publication Date:
Romania: University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest
Agricultural Communications Documentation Center, Funk Library, University of Illinois
Subject Term:
consumption, farmer education, government, information needs, irrigation, natural resource management, networks, participation, rural communities, rural development, socio-economic aspects, water, socio-political issues, socio-cultural aspects, Iran (Islamic Republic of) (Southern Asia), water rights
10 pages., Via online journal., The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing people's participation in the exploitation of water resources for agriculture. The population consists of experts with a B.A. and higher degree employed in various sectors of Agriculture Organization, Water Organization and Research Center of Urmia city. The sample was randomly selected, and the sample size was determined through Kerjice and Morgan table to be 196. This is an applied field study. The survey tool is a structured questionnaire with close-ended question and its validity and reliability is confirmed by experienced professors, and Cronbach's alpha coefficient which indicates the validity of the questionnaire is calculated to be 0.834. The results show that there is a significant relationship among the administrative, social, cultural, educational, economic, ecological, technical, structural and political factors and the importance of people's participation in the exploitation of water resources for agriculture. The results of multiple regression showed that the independent variables explained 66 percent of the dependent variable variance. According to finding in this research these recommendation comments: Improvement and shortening of water transfer networks in order to speed up the transfer of water and reduction of water loss. Government financial support in the agricultural-industrial sector in order to use new technologies. Preventing economic, social, environmental and political losses due to Urmia Lake drying. Maintaining the diversity of plants and crops through water management and environmental management and environmental ethics. The role of mass media such as radio and television, the use of other channels of communication in highlighting the importance of optimal water consumption. Government support for farmers to renew or launch pipeline for farms and gardens to prevent water losses, as well as supporting new irrigation methods and repairing old transmission lines. Increasing cooperation between people and society and even the state regarding participation in the optimal use of water resources.