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Why Haiti is called a "predatory democracy"

Black Caribbean Literature (BCL)
Calloway,Al (Author)
Newspaper Article
Publication Date:
Feb 26-Mar 4, 2010
Coral Springs, FL
African American Research Center, Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject Term:
Caribbean area, Blacks, Colonialism, Haiti, Slavery, France, Democracy, L'Ouverture, Toussaint, 1743?-1803, Dessalines, Jean-Jacques, 1758-1806, Revolution (Haiti : 1791-1804)
After [Jean-Jacques Dessalines]' death, [Henri Christophe] assumed leadership of Haiti, but the mulatto minority South set up its own republic under Pétion. Christophe committed suicide in 1820 amid an uprising over his forced labor policies. Pétion's successor, JeanPierre Boyer, reformed the two republics into one Haiti. Boyer ruled until his government collapsed in 1843 due to political rivalry. Until 1915, only two of the 21 governments since 1843 were not dismantled by coups d'états or political in-fighting. Except for agreement on the abolition of slavery, the state and nation were headed in opposite or different directions before the L'Ouverture adherents took over in 1804. The literature on Haiti, from Trinidadian C. L. R. James' classic book The Black Jacobins, to TransAfrica founder Randall Robinson's An Unbroken Agony, all tell the awful consequences of the "color curtain" in claustrophobic Haiti.